Deploy a Spring Boot application to Cloud Foundry with GitLab CI/CD


This article demonstrates how to use the Continuous Deployment method to deploy a Spring Boot application to Cloud Foundry (CF) with GitLab CI/CD.

All the code for this project can be found in this GitLab repository.

In case you're interested in deploying Spring Boot applications to Kubernetes using GitLab CI/CD, read through the blog post Continuous Delivery of a Spring Boot application with GitLab CI and Kubernetes.


This tutorial assumes you are familiar with Java, GitLab, Cloud Foundry, and GitLab CI/CD.

To follow along, you need:

NOTE: If you're not deploying to PWS, you must replace the URL in all the below commands with the API URL of your CF instance.

Create your project

To create your Spring Boot application you can use the Spring template in GitLab when creating a new project:

New Project From Template

Configure the deployment to Cloud Foundry

To deploy to Cloud Foundry you must add a manifest.yml file. This is the configuration for the CF CLI you must use to deploy the application. Create this in the root directory of your project with the following content:

  - name: gitlab-hello-world
    random-route: true
    memory: 1G
    path: target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar

Configure GitLab CI/CD to deploy your application

Now you must add the GitLab CI/CD configuration file (.gitlab-ci.yml) to your project's root. This is how GitLab figures out what commands must run whenever code is pushed to your repository. Add the following .gitlab-ci.yml file to the root directory of the repository. GitLab detects it automatically and runs the defined steps once you push your code:

image: java:8

  - build
  - deploy

  - chmod +x mvnw

  stage: build
  script: ./mvnw package
      - target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar

  stage: deploy
    - curl --location "" | tar zx
    - ./cf login -u $CF_USERNAME -p $CF_PASSWORD -a
    - ./cf push
    - master

This uses the java:8 Docker image to build your application, as it provides the up-to-date Java 8 JDK on Docker Hub. You also added the only clause to ensure your deployments only happen when you push to the master branch.

Because the steps defined in .gitlab-ci.yml require credentials to sign in to CF, you must add your CF credentials as environment variables in GitLab CI/CD. To set the environment variables, navigate to your project's Settings > CI/CD, and then expand Variables. Name the variables CF_USERNAME and CF_PASSWORD and set them to the correct values.

Variable Settings in GitLab

After set up, GitLab CI/CD deploys your app to CF at every push to your repository's default branch. To review the build logs or watch your builds running live, navigate to CI/CD > Pipelines.

WARNING: It's considered best practice for security to create a separate deploy user for your application and add its credentials to GitLab instead of using a developer's credentials.

To start a manual deployment in GitLab go to CI/CD > Pipelines then click Run Pipeline. After the app is finished deploying, it displays the URL of your application in the logs for the production job:

requested state: started
instances: 1/1
usage: 1G x 1 instances
last uploaded: Mon Nov 6 10:02:25 UTC 2017
stack: cflinuxfs2
buildpack: client-certificate-mapper=1.2.0_RELEASE container-security-provider=1.8.0_RELEASE java-buildpack=v4.5-offline- java-main java-opts jvmkill-agent=1.10.0_RELEASE open-jdk-like-jre=1.8.0_1...

     state     since                    cpu      memory         disk           details
#0   running   2017-11-06 09:03:22 PM   120.4%   291.9M of 1G   137.6M of 1G

You can then visit your deployed application (for this example, and you should see the "Spring is here!" message.